Clip art: Energy and emissions

Jonny Axelsson
10 min readJul 20, 2022

From serveral sources I have accumulated “clip art”, mostly graphs, shared here. The by far largest source in this collection comes from Our World in Data. Individual graphs have usage information included (and can be found/reconstructed on the OWID site).


Power source costs

Overall cost of wind and photovoltaic power has fallen dramatically, something other power sources haven’t. Will they keep falling, will other power sources start falling in price?

Electricity production Europe and Middle East

What is the electricity mix in some representative EMEA countries, and the EU, both in total production (in TWh) and in shares. Former will have wiggly lines, the other rectangles fixed at 100%

EU’s upgraded ambitions for 2030

The EU has a relatively low share of fossil fuels in power generation in 2021 (36%). Asia and Africa have a much higher share, but these two continents, particularly Africa, are not heavily electrified yet. (source)

The two graphs below from Ember shows how EU 2030 targets have increased from 2019 (when “climate crisis” started to replace “climate change”) to 2022 (after the pandemic, #FitFor55, and the invasion of Ukraine #REpowerEU).

In 2019, the EU power mix was 39% fossil, 27% nuclear, 34% renewables. Two years later that was 36% fossil, 26% nuclear, 38% renewables (above).

The ambitions also changed. In 2019 the target was 26% fossil, 19% nuclear, 55% renewables. Or -1.2% fossil fuels, -0,6% nuclear, +1.7% renewables annually. In 2022 the target changed to 18% fossil, 19% nuclear, 63% renewables, or -1.9% fossil, -0.8% nuclear, +2.8% renewables annually.

Per capita electricity


From the Ten Year Network Development Plan 2022, draft.

Primary energy consumption

Electric and non-electric energy in total.

Kaya identity


Change in emissions from 1990

Emission total by region

Emissions by fuel or sector

Emissions per capita

Emissions by production and consumption

Cumulative emissions